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人教必修1·第1单元·重难点详解(10)

|提问时间:2016-06-05 21:48:25|1人回答

  • 问题描述:

      人教必修1·第1单元·重难点详解(10)

和谐社会2回答:

  人教必修1·第1单元·重难点详解(10)■本站特约作者 陈根花 供稿19. 如何理解 while walking?【教材原句】While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. (p.1)译文:当你在遛狗的时候,你不小心让狗走散了,结果狗被车撞了。【用法说明】while walking 属于“连词+现在分词”结构,while walking the dog 的意思是“当遛狗的时候”,它也可转化为由 while 引导的状语从句,如改为 while you were walking the dog。类似的例子如:She trembled a little while (she was) doing so. 她这样做时稍稍颤抖了一下。He fell asleep while (he was) doing his homework. 他做着做着功课就睡着了。While (we were) doing so, we decided to sell our boat. 在这样做时,我们决定把船卖掉。除 while 外,连词 when 也可这样用。如:I tried to keep your advice in mind when (I was) writing the book. 写这本书时我设法记住你的劝告。They were surprised by her openness when (she was) talking about her private life. 她谈起私生活时非常坦率,大家都很吃惊。20. get loose 中的 get 为什么动词?【教材原句】While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. (p.1)译文:当你在遛狗的时候,你不小心让狗走散了,结果狗被车撞了。【用法说明】get loose 中的 get 为系动词,其后的形容词 loose 为表语。get loose 的意思是“挣脱束缚或限制”。又如:The farmer’s horse got loose, and he had to catch it. 农夫的马跑了,他得去追。Coil the end of the string round your finger, so that the toy plane can't get loose. 将牵线的端头缠在你的手指上,那样玩具飞机就不会飞走了。【相关联想】break loose (=get loose, shake loose) 挣脱束缚或限制。如:One of the tigers broke loose. 有一只老虎从笼子里跑出来了。The woman managed to break loose from her attacker and run for help. 那个女子想方设法摆脱了袭击者之后跑去求救。come loose (=work loose) (指扣件、闩等)松开,不牢固One of the screws had worked loose. 其中有一颗螺丝钉松了。The rusty screw wouldn’t come loose. 这个生锈的螺丝怎么也弄不开。A button came loose and fell off my jacket. 一颗纽扣松动了,从我的夹克上掉了下来。cut loose (行动、说话等)自由,无约束He reallycut loose and told me what he thought of me. 他单刀直入说出对我的看法。 说明:引用此文请注明出处,并请保留该文章链接地址,谢谢~~

和谐社会2

2016-06-05 23:48:50

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