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由“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句

|提问时间:2016-05-28 07:42:01|1人回答

  • 问题描述:

      由“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句

小阿狸11回答:

  由“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句1. 由“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句主要用于正式文体,在非正式文体中通常将介词放至句末。如:This is the man to whom I referred. 我指的就是这个人。This is the man (whom) I referred to. 我指的就是这个人。2. 直接用于介词后作宾语的关系代词which不能换成that,直接用于介词后作宾语的关系代词whom不能换成who。但若介词用于句末,则用作宾语的which, whom也可换成that, who,或者省略不同。如:This is a subject about which we have talked a lot. 这是一个我们讨论了许多的问题。(which不能换成that,也不能省略)This is a subject which we have talked about a lot. 这是一个我们讨论了许多的问题。(which可以换成that,也可以省略) 3. 关系副词when, where, why根据情况有时可换成“介词+关系代词which”。如: That is the day when [=on which] he was born. 那就是他出生的日子。That is the house where [=in which] he lived. 那就是他住过的房子。That is the reason why [=for which] he must apologize. 那就是他必须道歉的原因。4. 在很正式的文体中,“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句可紧缩成“介词+关系代词+不定式”结构。如:在那儿孩子们有个玩耍的花园。正:There the children had a garden in which to play. (很正式)正:There the children had a garden in which they could play. (较正式)正:There the children had a garden to play in. (较口语化)注:这类“介词+关系代词+不定式”结构中的介词不能没有,也不能放在句末。如不能说There the children had a garden which to play in. 说明:引用此文请注明出处,并请保留该文章链接地址,谢谢~~

小阿狸11

2016-06-07 07:20:05

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